Health Focus: Diabetes Health Focus: Diabetes


Diabetes: Know the Warning Signs

Diabetes: Do you know its symptoms? Nearly one-third of those with diabetes are unaware they even have this life-threatening disease, according to the American Diabetes Association. That's why it's extremely important to understand diabetes and its symptoms. Prompt diagnosis of this condition can help you lead a more normal, healthy lifestyle.


There are two types of diabetes:

People with type 1 diabetes don't produce insulin. This is most common in children and young adults. They must take daily insulin shots to stay alive. People with type 1 diabetes in their family are at the greatest risk for the disease.


Here are some common symptoms.

The warning signs for type 1 diabetes include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst and/or hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss


The warning signs for type 2 diabetes include all the same symptoms as type 1 plus:

  • Vision problems
  • Frequent infections, particularly gum, vaginal and bladder infections
  • Bruises and cuts that heal slowly
  • Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet


Complications from diabetes are serious, and may include blindness, kidney disease, heart disease, stroke and other problems. If you have diabetes, proper management of your condition includes following your medical professional's instructions. Taking medications on time, eating properly, checking blood glucose level regularly, not smoking, exercising, regular blood work and other tests will all help you stay well. Stay on top of your diabetes… for life!


Breast self-exam (BSE): BSE is an option for women starting in their 20s. Women should discuss the benefits and limitations of BSE with their health professional.


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FYH-2 (Rev. 10-2011)